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How to Design Amigurumi - Basic Shapes - Content 1

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 How to design your own Amigurumi?

Let's understand together the principles for designing your own crochet plushies. I'll get straight to the point, so these posts will be for Crocheters who know how to crochet Amigurumi and have followed patterns before. 

Comment with your tips and/or questions so that we can improve this topic together.

First, we need to understand how to make elements of different shapes.


Basic Shapes

- Spheres;

Head, body or other round elements.

The most common sphere is made following a multiple of 6.

Sphere 1

Round 1: 6sc in MR [6]

Round 2: inc x 6 [12]

Round 3: (sc, inc) x 6 [18]

Round 4: (2sc, inc) x 6 [24]

Round 5: (3sc, inc) x 6 [30]

Round 6: (4sc, inc) x 6 [36]

Round 7-12: sc in all st [36] 6 rounds

Round 13: (4sc, dec) x 6 [30]

Round 14: (3sc, dec) x 6 [24]

Round 15: (2sc, dec) x 6 [18]

Stuff with fiberfill

Round 16: (sc, dec) x 6 [12]

Round 17: dec x 6 [6]

This pattern will give you a hexagonal shape because the increases are on top of each other. To obtain a circle, avoid making the increases on top of the previous ones. Beginning of a sphere below with increases in green for better visualization.

Sphere 2

Round 1: 6sc in MR [6]

Round 2: inc x 6 [12]

Round 3: (sc, inc) x 6 [18]

Round 4: sc, inc, (2sc, inc) x 5, sc [24]

Round 5: (3sc, inc) x 6 [30]

Round 6: 2sc, inc, (4sc, inc) x 5, 2sc [36] ...


- Cylinders;

Arms, legs or any elongated elements.

The amount of stitches will depend on how thin or thick you need your cylinder to be.


Round 1: 6sc in MR [6]

Round 2-10: sc in all st [6] 9 rounds


- Hemispheres;

Spheres that are half finished.


Round 1: 6sc in MR [6]

Round 2: inc x 6 [12]

Round 3: (sc, inc) x 6 [18]

Round 4: sc in all st [18] 


- Squares;

Flat elements worked in rows instead of rounds. Usually used for clothing/accessories.


- Lines;

Made of chains (or chains and slip stich in the chains) for hair, bag straps, scarves and other accessories.


- Circles;

Flat and worked in a round. Normally used for details like belly, spots, eyes.

Round 1: 6sc in MR [6]

Round 2: inc x 6 [12]

- Ovals;

Working around of a foundation chain. It can be flat or 3D.

Round 1: 6ch, sc in 2nd ch from hook, sc in next 3ch, 3sc together in last ch, work in the other side of the chains, sc in next 3 ch, 2sc together in first ch

Round 2: inc, sc x 3, inc x 3, sc x 3, inc x 2...


Knowing these basic shapes, you are able to design some simple amigurumi, for example a jellyfish.


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From your crochet friend,

Larissa Soares

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